Mountain trekking guide of North Nepal Travel and Trek
11 Jul, 2022 - North Nepal Travels and Treks

Trekking guide in Nepal(2022 )

Nepal is known as the land of high mountains. Eight out of the ten world's highest mountains are here in Nepal. Today, tourists and trekkers from around the world visit our nation. Our arts, cultures, traditions, and festivals attract thousands of tourists worldwide. Especially adventure sports like trekking, raftingparagliding, Ziplines, and bungee jumping, among others, are gaining popularity among tourists.

Before the 1950s, Nepal was not open to tourists. Back then, there was only the British Embassy, and officials working there were about the only foreigners visiting this country. The Rana regime believed that foreigners could harm their rein and influence the citizens to rebel. That is why they ensured that only a few selected ones could enter this country.

Despite being centuries old, Nepal was unknown to the outer world for a long time. However, some European Mountain Climbers knew that this country possessed some of the highest mountains in the world. Some surveyors even managed to discover and identify some mountains located here in the mid-19th century. Moreover, Mount Everest was given that name in 1865, after Sir George Everest, a British Surveyor General of India.

 Commencement of hiring trekking guide in Nepal

In 1921, British climbers Charles Howard-Bury and George Mallory led an expedition team set off to explore the Everest region. Only the capital city had vehicle-worthy roads during this time, and the rest of the country was inaccessible. Literacy was a mere one percent, and only a few people could understand English. Moreover, the maps did not include many geographical locations, as many regions were unexplored or unrecorded. Also, as foreigners rarely visited it, there were no professional tours or trekking guides. However, the expedition team managed to take a few Sherpas as unofficial guides. Unfortunately, the expedition became tragic as George Mallory lost his life while exploring the Everest region. What’s more tragic is that his body was never found.
Many trekking groups came to climb mountains in the late 1940s and early 50s. French national Maurice Herzog successfully ascended Annapurna on June 3, 1950. It was the first recorded climbing of an over-8000-meter summit. Nepalese Guides continuously aided his expedition team. After his ascent, Nepal’s mountains were known all over the world. Many did not realize that a country called Nepal existed.
Moreover, Edmund Hillary completed the ascent of the highest mountain, Everest, in 1953, where Nepali Guide Tenzing Norgay Sherpa accompanied him. This further helped in the widespread popularity of Nepal and its mountains.
In the 1960s, not only potential climbers but foreigners intending to explore other parts of the nation began to visit Nepal. Nepalese society became more open to visitors. Besides, the international airport in the country’s capital also helped bring in more foreigners.

The tourists wanted to explore the country outside the Kathmandu valley. However, other places were neither well-equipped with facilities for food and lodging for tourists, nor were they well-accessible by road. Tourists had to walk long distances with the aid of guides and porters to reach other parts of the nation. The guides showed them the way and taught them about the culture and traditions there. Staying at camps, the groups carried food by themselves during their trip.

Gradually, popular tourist destinations across the country became accessible by road. Tourists did not need to carry their food, and lodging provisions as a lot of hotels and lodges were built there. Most foreigners wanted to trek near the Himalayan mountains without necessarily climbing them. They sought to explore the regions with the intent of knowing the lifestyle, culture, and traditions of the inhabitants.


 Trekking guide as a profession

Trekking agencies began to establish in Kathmandu and other major cities. These agencies provided guides and porters as well as managed the itinerary of the trip for the aspiring trekkers.

Trekking guide in Nepal has several obligations, which include safely guiding the trekkers, organizing their food and accommodation, and teaching them about the significance of sites and traditions of the local community. The hotels and lodges have helped the guides manage the tourists' food and accommodation. However, some adventurous trekkers still venture on roads less travelled and sleep in camps with the help of guides and porters.
In the beginning, the ability to speak English and familiarity with the trail was enough to qualify a person to be a tourist guide. But now, aspiring guides must undergo a training program and have the sound mental and physical health to be certified guides. Trekking at a 5000-meter altitude can be quite dangerous. Apart from physical injuries, many tourists succumb to altitude sickness. It is the obligation of guides to minimize any chances of injury and illness. They always carry first aid and other medicines for use in emergencies. Trekking in the Himalayas may entail walking along thick snow and traversing narrow roads. That is why it's crucial that trekkers need to be accompanied by qualified guides.

Writer: Yagya Adhikari , Translate by: Rabin Lamsal

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